But before I can really lay out my full thinking on this subject I really need to present a large amount of evidence and arguments, particularly in exactly defining what a fundamental particle actually is. Namely, a volume of temporal equilibrium between counter-flowing arrows of time. Here on the vacuum side of the quantum field the arrow moves from our past into the future. Then on the other side of the quantum field, into the incompressible verse with it negative mass counterweight particle, where the arrow of time moves from our future back into the past. All this coming from the convection flow of concentric vortices.
The quantum fields themselves collectively are a series of concentric ringed vortices formed by the gravitational field lines of the Big Bang singularity. The Higgs field forms the central axis which is surrounded by the first vacuum space. Here force is transferred by the gluon particle and the arrow of time moves forward as this space moves from the ordered vacuum state of our SuperVerse into a disordered quark-gluon plasma.
Moving from the gluon vacuum space we crossover into the first incompressible vortex quark space. Here initially because of the heat and energy of the nova explosion it starts of in a disordered state which then becomes ordered into quarks which then form protons and neutrons. Thus the arrow of time, by the second law of thermodynamics, moves from the ordered state of protons and neutrons and towards the chaotic and disordered state that was the Big Bang Hypernova inside this incompressible space inside particles.
Moving outwards from the incompressible quark space we travel into the vacuum where the Z and W-Bosons convey force. Again the ordered vacuum state, at absolute zero, heated by the oncoming jet moves from a state of order into disorder as the vacuum of the SuperVerse mixes with the oncoming jet that is evolving into the universe we know. Because of the heat of the jet coming from the quark and lepton vortex rings this vacuum space heats up. The ordered cold, with a relative temperature that is to us absolute zero, mixes with the hot superfluidity of the jets vortex bringing disorder to the perfect vacuum. Now the vacuum has become a disordered ocean of virtual particles exhibiting the Casimir effect. Here, following the second law of thermodynamics, the arrow of time moves from our past into our future.
But the vacuum space of the weak nuclear force is in itself its own closed verse with its own arrow of time separate to the one we see with our eyes. This is the fundamental reason why we consider radioactive decay to be invariant to time and a totally random process. It exists in its own closed universe which, like a Russian doll, is contained within the fabric of the atom. Just as our own universe, occupied by the space between the leptons and the outermost layer which to us is the fabric of spacetime, is itself a closed universe with the arrow of time moving away from the Big Bang.
Again the same argument and reasoning for the space occupied by both the incompressible lepton and spacetime layers each one having its own reversed arrow of time. Here the arrow of time moves towards the Big Bang and the moment of creation. The hot disordered matter, that is both the leptons and spacetime vortex rings, cools down into the ordered universe giving rise to the reality we live in. As entropy and disorder increase the closer we get to the Big Bang, inside these spaces, then by the second law of thermodynamics the arrow of time is towards the Big Bang.
The disordering of vacuum and the ordering of fields into particles and atoms all happened around the seeds that were blown into the universe at the very beginning. Namely, the final fusion process of the MacLean as it goes nova, the supermassive black holes. Also because of the chaotic process that is the nova of the MacLean these seeds were scattered randomly such that we now observe a universe that is mostly homogenous and isotropic.
We know, from the solutions of Einstein’s field equations, that our universe appears to be begin as a cone that expands out as time progressed. Putting this idea together with this concentric ringed shape, echoed here in Penrose’s CMB rings, we can see this pictorially in this rendering.
Just in case Roger, if you see this, I hope that answers your question about the Big Bang and the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Noting that in using fractals as the cosmological principle that self-similar patterns repeating at any scale is the one and only assumption that I make. Isn’t self-similar pattern repeating at any scale a subset of fractal geometry which is but a subset of conformal geometry?